Prolawctor Daily News Update | 02 December 2020

Prolawctor Daily News Update| 12 September 2020- Prolawctor
Prolawctor Daily News Update

Prolawctor Daily News Update

Contents of Article


Right To Marry A Person Of Choice Irrespective Of Caste Or Religion A Fundamental Right : Karnataka High Court

The Karnataka High Court has held that the right of any major individual to marry the person of his/her choice is a fundamental right enshrined in the construction of India.

A division bench of Justices S Sujata and Sachin Shankar Magadum, while disposing of a habeas corpus petition filed by one Wajeed Khan seeking the release of her lover.

It is well settled that a right of any major individual to marry the person of his/her choice is a fundamental right enshrined in the Constitution of India.

No One Can Suppress Facts’ : Supreme Court Pulls Up Gujarat Govt. Over Rajkot COVID-19 Hospital Fire

The Supreme Court pulled up the Gujarat Government in a matter pertaining to the fire which had broken out at a COVID-19 designated hospital in Rajkot, Gujarat killing 6 people.

A bench headed by Justice Ashok Bhushan adjourned the matter , while noting that the State could not suppress facts and that the same had to come out in a correct fashion.

Supreme Court dismisses plea seeking action against Andhra Pradesh CM Jaganmohan Reddy, says similar prayer being heard in another petition

A bench headed by Justice Sanjay Kishan Kaul said the petitioner has made a prayer which is a little confusing since it seeks creation of an internal committee headed by sitting or retired judges of the SC or any authority for investigating the allegations on a sitting judge of the SC.

During the hearing, petitioner GS Mani submitted serious issues have to be considered in his petition. 

Supreme Court dismisses Chanda Kochhar plea against her termination by ICICI Bank

The Supreme Court dismissed the plea of former ICICI Bank Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director Chanda Kochhar challenging her termination.

Justice Sanjay Kishan Kaul said this falls within the realm of private contract between the bank and employee and dismissed it. 


Grounded Pilots Out of Practice Spark Airline Safety Fears :

On September 15, an Indonesian flight carrying 307 passengers and 11 crew to the northern city of Medan momentarily veered off the runway after landing, sparking an investigation by the country’s transport safety regulator. It found the pilot had flown less than three hours in the previous 90 days. The first officer hadn’t flown at all since February 1.

The incident underlines an emerging risk from the coronavirus pandemic: pilots aren’t getting enough opportunity to fly because airlines have grounded planes and scaled back operations due to a slump in demand for air travel.

In its preliminary report, Indonesia’s National Transportation Safety Committee said the pandemic has made it harder to maintain pilot proficiency and flying experience. The Lion Air aircraft involved was an Airbus SE A330, one of 10 in the carrier’s fleet. Because Lion Air doesn’t have a simulator for the A330, its pilots are trained at third-party facilities in Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore. Covid-19 travel restrictions have made those harder to access.

The International Civil Aviation Organization has called for flight crew to be recognized as key workers so they can use travel bubbles and access training facilities, including simulators so they can maintain certifications, experience and proficiency.

Promising Vaccines Wait For Approval to set  Scientific Records

The federal government could begin distributing two coronavirus vaccines in the next few weeks a record shattering accomplishment that now hinges on the decisions of U.S. regulators.

Biotechnology company Moderna filed Monday for emergency authorization of its coronavirus vaccine, capping a scientific sprint that began in January. Moderna’s two-dose regimen is about a week behind a similar vaccine developed by Pfizer and German biotechnology company BioNTech respectively.

No vaccine can arrive soon enough to blunt an anticipated blitz of coronavirus cases seeded by Thanksgiving travels and gatherings – a surge expected to materialize in the coming days and weeks. Manufacturing will continue to ramp up through early next year, and other vaccines are expected to follow to steadily increase the supply available each month.

An advisory committee to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that typically meets after vaccines are approved is holding an unusual emergency. Health-care workers and residents of long-term care facilities are expected to be included in the first case, a strategy intended to ensure that the first doses have the greatest societal impact. But even if manufacturing timelines are on track, there will not be quite enough vaccine for everyone in those groups to be fully vaccinated by year’s end.

Merriam-Webster Declares “Pandemic” As Word Of The Year :

The term “PANDEMIC”  had the most online dictionary lookups of any word, Merriam-Webster said on its website, after a year in which at least 1.4 million people globally have died from the COVID-19 pandemic.

The dictionary publisher said in a report that, “Sometimes a single word defines an era, and it’s fitting that in this exceptional and exceptionally difficult year, a single word came immediately to the fore”.

Pandemic is defined as “an outbreak of a disease that occurs over a wide geographic area (such as multiple countries or continents) and typically affects a significant proportion of the population,” according to

The word’s Greek roots are “pan,” meaning all or every and “demos,” meaning people, Merriam-Webster said. Dictionary lookups skyrocketed on March 11 when the World Health Organization officially labelled COVID-19 a pandemic.

Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon surged again over the past year, hitting a 12-year high :

Forests such as the Amazon play a vital role in controlling climate change because they suck carbon from the atmosphere. However, when trees die or burn, they release their carbon back into the environment.

A total of 11,088 square kilometers (4,281 square miles) of forest was destroyed in Brazil’s share of the world’s biggest rainforest in the 12 months to August, according to the Brazilian space agency’s PRODES monitoring program, which analyzes satellite images to track deforestation.

The Brazilian Climate Observatory said in a report that, “Because of such deforestation, Brazil is probably the only major greenhouse gas emitter that managed to increase its emissions in the year the coronavirus pandemic paralyzed the global economy”.

Forests such as the Amazon play a vital role in controlling climate change because they suck carbon from the atmosphere. However, when trees die or burn, they release their carbon back into the environment. The latest annual deforestation figure was the highest since 2008, when 12,911 square kilometers of forest were destroyed in the Brazilian Amazon.

Lahore Tops List Of World’s Most Polluted Cities, Delhi Ranks Second :

Pakistan’s cultural capital Lahore has once again topped the list of world’s most polluted cities. “Lahore ranks the most polluted city in the world,” according to air pollution data released by the US Air Quality Index on a report confirmed.

Lahore reported a particulate matter rating of 423. Pakistan’s financial capital Karachi ranked at 7 on the list. New Delhi came in second with a rate of 229, while Nepal’s capital Kathmandu ranked the third-worst city with a rate of 178 respectively.

The United States Environmental Protection Agency regards air quality satisfactory if the AQI is under 50. Lahore’s AQI fell in the range of 301 and higher, which has been classified as “hazardous”.

According to environmental experts and an earlier report by the Food and Agriculture Organisation, the cause of smog remains years-long pollution caused mostly by the transport sector and industries, and not just crop burning. Trans-boundary pollution is also not the main reason as the Met Department has confirmed that Punjab primarily experiences a westerly wave during winter.


Government of Gujarat decreases price of RT-PCR test

On Tuesday, the Government of Gujarat has decreased the price from Rs 1500 to Rs 800 of RT-PCR test done by private labs for Coronavirus.

Nitin Patel, Deputy Chief Minister said that this decision has come after the price of test kits have reduced due to its large scale production and thus government has decided to help the people by reducing the price rate.

Government of Andhra Pradesh gave ultimatum to attach properties of Former TDP MP

The department of Mining and Geology of Andhra Pradesh has made written application to the authority responsible for revenue asking to enforce the revenue Recovery Act in order to attach the Trishul cement Company, which is a property of Senior Leader of Telugu Desam Party (TDP) and Former MP of Anantpura District J C Diwakar Reddy.

The said move has been asked as the Company has been served notice in May with penalty of Rs 100.24 crore for illegal limestone mining and failing to do so the government shall enforce the Revenue Recovery Act in order to attach the company properties.

Central Government makes proposal of forming panel for discussing the Farm Laws

On Tuesday, the Central Government has advanced the offer to create a committee with a view to talk about the new farm laws with the farmers’ leaders who have been protesting against the same.

The Government had made the offer at Vigyan Bhavan in which meeting was conducted with the leaders of 32 unions of farmers. They have reportedly asked to provide names of 4-5 organisation leaders who would be part of such committee which would also include the government representatives.

CBI interrogates Former TMC leader Asif Khan in connection to Saradha Scam

On Tuesday, the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) has questioned Former leader of Trinamool Congress Party (TMC) Asif Khan due to his link in the Saradha Scam which surfaced in 2014.

The investigation has been conducted in order to test his voice sample with the voice in audio clip but they said could not be done due to some technical issues.

Health Ministry says that the government has never spoken to vaccinate entire population of India

On Tuesday, the Secretary of Union Health Rajesh Bhushan stated that the government has never talked about providing vaccine against Covid-19 to the entire population of India.

The Health Secretary has that average positivity rate of India is 3.2%and thus India has lowest per million cases with 211 cases per million count. He said that it is crucial to discuss scientific issues on basis of facts only.


RBI likely to maintain status quo for 3rd straight time on inflation concerns

The Reserve Bank is likely to keep the benchmark interest rates unchanged in its next monetary policy review in view of heightened retail inflation which has persistently remained above its comfort level, feel experts.

The six-member Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) headed by RBI Governor is scheduled to meet for two days starting December 2.

The resolution of the sixth bi-monthly MPC meeting would be announced on December 4.

The RBI projected the country’s GDP to contract 9.5 per cent in the current financial year due to the pandemic. It has cut policy rates by 115 basis points since February.

 US second biggest FDI source for India during Apr-Sep 2020

The US has emerged as the second biggest source of foreign direct investment (FDI) into India, replacing Mauritius, during the first half of the current financial year, according to data of the commerce and industry ministry.

During April-September 2020, India attracted FDI worth USD 7.12 billion from the US and USD 2 billion from Mauritius, which slipped to fourth position, the DPIIT (Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade) data showed.

Mauritius was the second biggest FDI source during the same period previous year. The US was the fourth biggest investor during that period.

Singapore with USD 8.30 billion foreign inflows continued to be the top source of FDI for India in April-September 2020-21.

Five of top 10 most valued firms lose together Rs 91,699 cr m-cap; RIL worst hit

The combined market valuation of five of top-10 most valued firms declined by Rs 91,699 crore last week, with heavyweight Reliance Industries emerging as the worst hit.

While Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL), Infosys, HDFC, ICICI Bank and Bharti Airtel suffered losses in their market valuation, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), HDFC Bank, Hindustan Unilever Limited, Kotak Mahindra Bank and Bajaj Finance were the gainers.

RIL’s market valuation tumbled by Rs 60,829.21 crore to Rs 12,23,416.97 crore.

 AWS launches EC2 computing instances that run Apple’s MacOS operating system

The new MacOS EC2 instances depend on Mac Mini computers from Apple.

No other major cloud provider has computing instances running MacOS.

Apple is a significant AWS customer.

 First ‘mass air shipment’ of Pfizer’s Covid vaccine arrives as airlines prepare for more

United’s first flight carrying Pfizer’s Covid-19 vaccines arrived in Chicago on Friday.

Pfizer and its partner BioNTech earlier this month said their vaccine was 95% effective in a trial.


Formula 1 world champion Lewis Hamilton tests positive for coronavirus

Seven time world champion Lewis Hamilton has tested positive for covid-19 and will miss the Shakir Grand Prix this weekend.

Hamilton is in isolation in accordance with the health protocols in Bahrain.

“apart from mild symptoms he is otherwise fit and well and the entire team sends him it’s best wishes,” said the team.

There is another race in Bahrain on Sunday on Shakira’s shorter outer circuit before the 17 race season concludes in Abu Dhabi.

The Mercedes team said it would announce replacement driver later in this week.

Barcelona rest Lionel Messi again in champions league

Barcelona will be without Lionel Messi Marc-andre ter stegen and Phillippe Coutinho for the champions league match at Ferencvaros on Wednesday.

The players will be rested by the coach Ronald Koeman.

Messi had already been rested for the match against Kyiv in the previous round.

Barcelona has a three point lead over Juventus, which hosts Dynamo. Barcelona and Juventus play at the Camp nou in the final round of UCL

Spanish tennis players Enrique Lopez Perez gets eight year ban for match fixing

The 29 year old Perez, who reached a career high singles ranking of 154 has been banned for match fixing.

“The disciplinary case was heard by anti corruption hearing officer Richard Mclaren on 5 November 2020.

Perez was provisionally suspended in December 2019 and will not be able to attend or play.

“He found that Enrique Lopez Perez breached the rules of the Tennis Anti-corruption programme three times in 2017.

India vs Australia: Virat Kohli and team India need to win third ODI in Canberra to avoid host of unwanted records.

India has been one of the top teams in 50 overs cricket.

A big reason for thie change in India’s fortunes has been the rise of its bowlers.

Lack of international cricket could be a reason for the sluggish performance but all these Indian bowlers are coming of along IPL season which gave them enough match practice.

In case of a loss it would be the fourth time that India would have lost more than 5 matches on the trot in ODI cricket.

Team India of today is a force to reckon with an they have stamped their quality all across the globe.

Atletico Madrid looks to advance while Bayern rest players

Atletico Madrid needs to rebound. Bayern Munich is just looking to get some rest.

The defending champions who won their first four matches and have already guaranteed first place in the group.

Bayern will be resting Robert Lewandowski, manuel Neuer and Leon Goretzka.

“They are important players coma Bayern coach Hansi flick said Monday,

Reserve goalkeeper Alexander Nubel will be making is European debut per Bayern.

Defence, Med and tech.

Engine, design deficiencies — third crash puts Russian mig-29k back in focus

The crash of the Indian Navy’s MiG-29K aircraft Thursday has yet again put the spotlight on the Russian fighter jet that has had a troubled history, both in India and in its home country.

The navy’s MiG-29K was on disembarkation (flying back to its base, INS Hansa in Goa) from the aircraft carrier INS Vikramaditya. While one pilot was rescued Thursday, Commander Nishant Singh, a qualified flying instructor, remains missing. 

The navy has begun an inquiry into the aircraft crash, which is the third one to have been involved in an accident in the past year starting last November.

Navy sources refused to get into the likely cause of the accident but added that no warning sign or alarm was raised by the pilots on board.

India has imported 45 MiG-29K fighters jets from Russia, but operates less than two dozen of them — the rest are kept as war reserves and in other forms.

Respiratory failure in COVID-19 usually not driven by cytokine storm

Many researchers think high levels of cytokines — immune cell signaling molecules — cause lung damage in people with COVID-19.

This finding could change the way doctors treat severe infections with the new coronavirus. 

It could also explain why anti-inflammatory medications only work for a small portion of people with COVID-19.

“We found that cytokine storm does happen, but it’s relatively rare, even in the COVID-19 patients that go on to have respiratory failure and require a ventilator.”

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